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learning classical guitar

Learning Classical Guitar (when you already play some guitar)

Learning Classical Guitar

I, like many other classical guitarists, did not start out on classical guitar. Instead, I decided to switch to classical guitar bit by bit, as I was drawn in by the challenges, possibilities, and beauty of the music.

As a teenager, I was into heavy metal and southern rock. From there I transitioned into folk, bluegrass, and other acoustic styles. As I became more and more interested in fingerpicking, I eventually came to learning classical guitar and never really went back.

The Differences

If you are accustomed to playing some other style, and are interested in learning classical guitar, there are a few differences you should know about.

In addition to sitting in a funny position, playing with the right-hand fingers and using a nylon-string instrument, there are a few other differences that are worth noting.

  1. Focus on Technique – Because we play many different lines of music at the same time (bass, melody, accompaniment), we have to be able to do some really athletic feats with our hands. Add to this that we are able to make many different sounds on the nylon strings, and you get a serious demand for technique practice.
  2. Reading Music – Most other styles can skate by on no music notation reading, or on TABs. If you are truly learning classical guitar, you really need to know how to read music. At least a little bit. There is much more information on the page than TAB allows for, and we typically want that information if we are going through all the trouble to learn such complex music.
  3. Focus on Process – Classical guitar pieces are large projects. Even small, seemingly easy pieces take time and effort to master. To truly embrace the instrument, we also have to embrace the idea of working at mastering processes. There are processes for technique, learning pieces, memorizing, maintaining pieces, you name it. If you are only interested in immediate gratification, there are easier places to find it. Your successes here are harder won, but extremely satisfying.


Getting Ready to Switch to Classical Guitar


Video Yourself

Before you get into classical guitar proper, I highly recommend you take a video of yourself playing something.

You don’t have to watch it now.

Just shoot a video and keep it for later. This is just a reference point of where you are coming from.

It doesn’t have to be perfect, and no one else has to ever see it. But you will appreciate having done this small step.


Release the Past

If you are to move forward quickly, it helps to release anything you have learned previously.

Of course you will remember the important things, like how to play chords and such. But if you release any ideas, beliefs or assumptions about how to do things or what is “cool”, you will progress much more quickly.

(This is sometimes referred to as the “child’s mind” or “blank slate”. If you open yourself fully to new ideas, you’ll get them!)


When in Rome

When you set out to switch to classical guitar, commit to doing the things that have been proven to work.

If common knowledge in the classical guitar world says to elevate the guitar neck, do it. Don’t try to make classical guitar squeeze into your existing technique. It won’t.

You can always go back to what you already do. And you can always choose to compromise temporarily for some larger reason (like if you don’t want your friends to see you sitting and holding your guitar in a funny way). In practice, do everything with integrity.


Commit to a Timeframe

We see improvement in our classical guitar playing incrementally. It’s like watching grass grow.

For this reason, it can be disheartening to evaluate too frequently.
Instead, first commit to a certain timeframe, or number of hours you will faithfully practice before making any evaluations of how you are progressing. While any time frame will do, 20 hours is a good amount of time for an initial trial period.

You can keep track of this to the minute, or just make an estimation. However you choose, you should be able to see improvement and have more insight on the daily experience and demands after 20 hours or so.

I highly recommend writing this down. After your initial period of practice, watch the video you shot at the beginning, and note what you now do differently.

If you decide to stick with it, record another video and keep it with the first. Whenever you need encouragement, you can watch your videos and be encouraged by how far you’ve come learning classical guitar.


Watch These Videos

Watch the following videos to get an idea of the fundamental movements we are shooting for, and the pitfalls to avoid.

Let these principles guide everything you do, and base any decisions you have to make on them.

The Basics

5 Common Mistakes


Diving In

Now that you are mentally prepared, let’s get to work!


Set a Plan

A basic classical guitar practice plan has just a couple main components:

  • Technique Practice
  • Learning Pieces


If you are productive in each of these areas, you will improve steadily and be able to witness yourself getting better over time.

If you are too heavy on one of the sides for too long, your practice won’t be as satisfying.


Technique Practice

To get started learning classical guitar technique, I recommend 3 areas of focus.

  • Arpeggios (fingerpicking patterns)
  • Scales (with the right hand alternating fingers)
  • Exercises (to build strength and flexibility)


We’ll look at each of these.

  • Arpeggios Start with the PIM arpeggio pattern. You can also find more on arpeggios and how to practice them in the free arpeggio course.
  • Scales While you may have practiced scales previously, on classical guitar we use our index and middle fingers of the right hand. To get started with this technique, see this tutorial on I and M Alternation. When you get it, learn more about why you should practice scales, how to get started practicing scales, and the classical guitar scale shapes.
  • Exercises To beef up your hands and develop the strength and dexterity you’ll need, I recommend starting with rasgueados on your legs. These are done away from the guitar, so you can drop them into your daily schedule anytime, anywhere. When I was first shown these, and did them throughout the day, the changes I saw over the course of the first month or two blew my mind. Know that they are incredibly effective. If you like, you can also do other off-guitar exercises.


Start a Piece of Music

When you start learning classical guitar, in addition to working your technique, immediately start a new piece of music.

Playing real music is rewarding and gives you something specific to be working towards.

You can explore one of the many pieces that I have given full lessons for on CGS. For each, you can down load the PDFs for free.

Some have TAB, some don’t. Choose one you that looks good to you and dive in.

If you are willing to explore the process by which you can learn music efficiently, learn this piece which goes step by step through the 7 Steps method.


Read Some Music

Even if you are not entirely comfortable with the notion, and if the piece you are learning is from TAB, I still think you should learn to read at least a few notes.

Even if you just spend a minute or two each practice session, over time it will add up. Part of the experience of switching to classical guitar is getting a feel for what it means to be a classical musician. And that involves reading music.

Yes, it’s hard. Yes, it is mentally exhausting at first. Yes, it’s slow going.

Do it anyway. Just for your initial time commitment (from above). There are many books and methods available. There is also a cheat-sheet of notes on the staff in the bonus materials of this piece .

Just a few baby steps. That’s all.


Start Now

If you are on the fence and are unsure whether classical guitar is right for you, start now. It’s the only way you’ll know. There is truly no time like the present. Next month is coming, whether you begin or not.

Commit 20 hours and dive in. Even if decide not to go forward learning classical guitar, you’ll still be better in everything else you play. It’s a win-win any way you cut it.

Start by clicking the links above and going through the basic steps.

Before you know it, you’ll be several practices in and starting to be able to do new things!

Keep Us Posted!

Are you expanding into learning classical guitar, or making the switch to classical guitar in your practice? Make a commitment below in the comments and get started!

Did you learn classical guitar after first starting in another style? Share your words of wisdom below! What helped? What pitfalls could you spare someone?




10 Responses to Learning Classical Guitar (when you already play some guitar)

  1. Charles February 25, 2016 at 10:12 am #

    I play Flamenco Guitar. Although it is changing. There has not been much Flamenco music written down. One learned by following your teacher.
    This was passed down through generations. I started playing Classical pieces and thoroughly enjoyed them. I have a few Flamenco Guitars. A vintage Reyes and a couple of Condes. I just bought a Masaru Kohno Classical guitar. Love to play it. I have had some difficulty transitioning from Flamenco to Classical. In some ways the styles compliment each other in some other ways don’t. But I have come to the point of playing both Flamenco and Classical very effortlessly. I like your teaching style. And love for the classical guitar. I have come to enjoy micro-analyzing classical pieces and getting into the subtle aspects of the music.

    Kind regards,


    • Allen February 25, 2016 at 11:21 am #

      Thanks Charles, great to hear from you!
      Flamenco is so good for the hands. I love it for that. But I love the larger musical forms in classical music, and the opportunity for detailed nuance. Exploring the subtle aspects of good pieces are some of the most rewarding moments of my life. Glad to hear you are finding them as well.
      All the best,

  2. Daniel December 3, 2015 at 7:33 pm #

    I’m 74 and I’ve played the guitar for many years by playing lead melody with chords mixed in…but its always been the thumb technique on the LH. But with your technique I want to learn the PIMA technique to improve my play….I thoroughly enjoy playing just for my own entertainment….

    Thanks a lot for what you are doing!!!


    • Allen December 3, 2015 at 7:35 pm #

      Thanks Dan! Best of luck. Let me know if you need anything.

  3. Mike November 20, 2015 at 2:00 pm #

    Hi Allen, and thanks so much for giving us this treasure chest of resource.
    I’m trying classical (4 professional lessons already, yay!) after a couple years finger picking (badly) on steel strings.
    What I’ve found is that
    1) the barre chords I’ve needed so far are MUCH easier with nylon strings
    2) fretting without fouling adjacent strings is much easier on the wider classical fretboard.
    3) just about everything else seems more difficult – pesky A finger, LH fingers not long enough….. but therefore more rewarding somehow when something goes right.

    Anyways, many thanks again for your brilliant effort and generosity.

    • Allen November 20, 2015 at 4:10 pm #

      Thanks Mike,
      That’s great to hear!

  4. Danny August 7, 2015 at 1:24 pm #

    I started out strumming chords 23 years ago. And for 20 years I had a good time doing just that on and off. After that I decided to take music more seriously and I began focusing on technique and scales and fingerstyle acoustic and jazz stuff. But I never felt satisfied because I didn’t find the beginner level solo pieces I wanted to learn only for my enjoyment (when the kids are asleep). Then I bought a German book a year ago called something like “the very light entrance to classical guitar” because I wanted to learn to sight read music. I never looked back. 71 easy but very beautiful pieces of music from the renaissance up to modern. But I missed the technique part and some structured practice mode. And I have the feeling that the solution to that problem is somewhere here to be found. Thanks a lot for putting all this effort in your website.

    • Allen August 8, 2015 at 2:02 pm #

      Hi Danny,
      Great to hear from you! You’re right: Technique is a pretty big part of it. Good luck! If I can help, let me know.


  5. Monique May 31, 2015 at 11:48 pm #

    The reason I switched to classical guitar is because of how many layers there are in each piece of music. I never get bored! I can spend a lot of time diving deep into each phrase, it is very enjoyable and relaxing process to me (although at times very challenging!) Thanks Allen for your weekly posts, they always seem to be written just for me 🙂

    • Allen June 1, 2015 at 7:34 am #

      Thanks Monique! I love the layers, too. It’s like a puzzle!
      Thanks for the comment,

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