How to Develop Left Hand Finger Independence

Playing classical guitar demands some serious left-hand finger independence. Some fingers need to stay down while others lift. Some fingers need to compress while others stretch.

Each day in practice we’re called on to do contortionist acts fit for a carnival sideshow.

And if we don’t have the finger independence necessary for the particular passage, all sorts of problems arise. And often, we don’t realize that these problems are caused by our lack of finger independence, because the symptoms manifest in a variety of ways, such as missed notes, buzzes, or pain.

How to Develop Finger Independence

So one of the skills worth developing is finger independence. But how?

To develop better finger independence, you need only give it a bit of ongoing attention. Nothing fancy, just regular challenge, and exercise.

Isolate Independent Movement

The quickest route to better finger independence is to isolate movements in each of the fingers.

To do this, move just one finger at a time. Let the others stay either planted on the fretboard or hovering just above.

One such exercise, demonstrated in the video above, goes as follows.

Here’s how it works:

  1. Place each of the four left hand fingers on each of four neighboring frets, all on the same string (you can start with the low 6th string if you like).
  2. Keeping all the other fingers absolutely still, move just the 1st finger to over one string.
  3. Then, keeping all other fingers still (including the first finger you just moved), move only the 2nd finger over one string.
  4. Do the same for the 3rd, then 4th fingers.

To come back down (up in space, down in pitch) when you reach the 1st string, continue with the 1–2–3–4 pattern moving from string to string.

If the stretch is a bit much for you on the first four frets, feel free to do this exercise higher up on the guitar neck, where the frets are closer together.

Stay on Task, Eye on the Ball

As with any exercise, there are some pitfalls to avoid.  The main pitfall is excess speed (aka, going too fast).

Because the movement is repetitive, and the brain is very efficient at spotting patterns and trying to ignore them, you run the risk of spacing out and losing focus.

The fast-lane to useless practice is going too fast. If you do this exercise quickly, you’ll find it much easier to become distracted and lose focus.

Speed creates the illusion of perfection.

Instead, go slow enough so that one finger has completed its full movement before starting the next finger.

The banner I often wave: Speed creates the illusion of perfection.

By all means, practice to top speed on other exercises, but keep this one slow enough to maintain attention on each individual finger movement.


To recap, a little ongoing training in left-hand finger independence will help you to avoid physical and musical problems and give you more versatility in your playing.

Isolate each finger in turn, and direct it to move independently of the others. You can use this “1–2–3–4” exercise, or create your own.

Related Exercises:

And for even more Guitar Finger Exercises, click here.

Have fun!


Allen Mathews

Hi, I’m Allen Mathews. 

I started as a folk guitarist, then fell in love with classical guitar in my 20’s. Despite a lot of practice and schooling, I still couldn’t get my music to flow well. I struggled with excess tension. My music sounded forced. And my hands and body were often sore. I got frustrated, and couldn’t see the way forward. Then, over the next decade, I studied with two other stellar teachers – one focused on the technical movements, and one on the musical (he was a concert pianist). In time, I came to discover a new set of formulas and movements. These brought new life and vitality to my practice. Now I help guitarists find more comfort and flow in their music, so they play more beautifully.
Click here for a sample formula.

Become a Member and Play More, Beautifully!

“The basics are the basics, and you can’t beat the basics.”
Charles Poliquin

Join the program that takes you from the beginning fundamentals to advanced mastery, so you…1

  • Move your hands safely and fluidly
  • Enjoy fulfilling practices and meaningful work
  • Play beautifully with expression and flow

Click the button to take a step towards an
organized, effective guitar practice. >>>